Tuesday, July 24, 2012
Tower and Gate of St. Paul (Post of France), Fortress of Rhodes.
outwork -- Any defensive structure in front of the main enciente;
caponier -- A covered defensive passagemade in a dry ditch projecting away from the main enciente in the direction of te enemy. It is sometimes connected to the main enciente with outworks. It was chiefly designed for laying flanking fire along the ditch;
barbican --An outwork designed for the defence of agate or a bridge leading to a gate;
merlon --The upstanding sections of a parapet between embrasures, behind which defenders can shelter;
parapet -- A bank, of earth, or a wall over which a soldier may fire; also known as a breastwork;
enciente -- Th outline of the main line of defences, excluding minor outworks;
embrasures -- An opening in a parapet allowing artillery to fire through.
-Konstantin Nossov, "The Fortress of Rhodes 1309-1522," (Osprey, 2010);
-Ian Hogg, "The History of Fortification," (St. Martin's Press, 1981).