Tuesday, February 1, 2011
Gokstad Viking Ship
The Gokstad Viking ship was excavated in 1880, and in 1893, a replica of the Gokstad ship attended the Great Chicago Exhibition, after completing a crossing of the Atlantic Ocean. The ship is double ended and of much lower freeboard than a Viking Cargo ship. The main propulsion was by oars with an auxiliary sail. The ships long and narrow design gave it a length to width ratio of nearly 7 to 1 whereas a merchant ship usually has a length to width ratio of between 2.3 to 1 up to 5 to 1. The Gokstad ship was "clinker" built and boasted of 16 Oarsmen per side.
R. W. Unger, "The Ship in the Medieval Economy, 600 to 1600," McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal, 1980, P. 87